The scientific discoveries accomplished in the year of 2020 have a very notable brainstorm despite of the pandemic situations. A few are listed out below.
1. COVID-19 Vaccines
The biggest of all the discoveries that happened in 2020 was the study related to novel corona virus to decode its genome and developing vaccines to fight against this virus. The vaccine was developed, tested, approved and distributed in a very short period of time.
2. Immunotherapy for brain tumors
Although there are multiple immunotherapies exist, the new study in brain cancers is considered to be more advanced. This is currently under FDA approval after the successful research conducted on dogs. This is a kind of therapy to kill cancer cells using the person’s own immune system.
3.CRISPR-Cas9 Technology on Human
CRISPR-Cas9 is a technology that allows the scientists or researchers to edit the genome. In 2020, the study was recognized for the Nobel prize in Chemistry and first applied on humans to change or modifying the gene causing blindness.
4. Protein Structure predictors
Another major breakthrough of 2021 was the protein predictors. It gives the explanation of how protein works and the three-dimensional structure from the amino acid sequence.
5. Plastic consuming Enzymes
One of the main discoveries developed in 2020 was the bacteria that consumes plastic. These super enzymes decompose the polymer in to molecules that can be reused for making plastics and thus the over usage of plastics and fossil-fuels can be controlled.
6.Mosquitoes With Wolbachia- Prevention of Dengue fever
Wolbachia are common bacteria found in 50% of insect species that are generally considers as safe for humans. The initiative happened in 2020 to introduce these bacteria in to the mosquitoes that spread viruses including dengue. A team of researchers experimented this idea in Indonesia and reduced the dengue cases by 77 per cent.
7.The Future Meat-Lab Grown
The growing population around the world forced the scientists to think of an alternate way for farm-grown meat. This technology is quite unique, surely we can say, since the demand of meat increases. It will help to resolve the food scarcity to an extent.
8.A new organ was found in Human body
Another major breakthrough of 2020 is the discovery of a tiny organ in our body. The scientists, while researching on the tumor growth, accidentally found this tubarial glands in the upper region of throat. This study is found very helpful for patients with head-neck cancer.
The scientists have created robots that have memory and capable of assembling themselves. These xenobots were made out of the embryonic stem cells of frogs. These robots do not have any robotic arms or gears instead it appears like a globe in pink flesh.
10.Cryo-electron microscopy Atomic resolution
The scientist found the Cryo-electron microscopy ease the way in providing the sharpest image of atoms in a protein by attaining the atomic resolution. This can be considered as a prominent breakthrough in 2020 since this could be tested in the invention of drugs for COVID-19.