India has a major role in the world’s architectural wonders. The country witnessed the birth of a few of the world’s most major religions. Buddhism was originally the dominant religion in India, and Buddhist monasteries and stupas were constructed throughout the country before it spread to other nations. With the arrival of Shankaracharya in the 8th century A.D., Hinduism was resurrected, and several Hindu monarchs, notably the Pallavas and Cholas, built architectural marvels. To safeguard their domains, Rajputs constructed a number of spectacular hill forts in Rajasthan. After the arrival of Muslim monarchs in the 11th century, India saw influences from the Middle East for the first time, with Afghan and Persian architectural patterns blending with existing Indian forms.
If one had to choose one of the most magnificent nations, with the most spectacular events, dramas, stories, histories, and happenings since the most ancient of times, there is no question that India would be the number one option for the vast majority of people. India’s long, affluent, and amazing history has seen the rise and fall of large kingdoms, served as a birthplace to great personalities who changed the path of its destiny several times, and saw the weaving of great stories that has again and again transformed the character of its face. All of these remarkable phenomena have left it with a great and marvellous heritage, which is visible in the form of wonderful monuments, structures, and locations, the beauty of which allows one to completely appreciate the fantastic spells of time through which the nation has travelled.
1. Mahabalipuram Temples, Tamil Nadu
Mahabalipuram, a coastal place located in Chengalpattu district of Tamil Nadu, is famous for the stone temples, cave sanctuaries and monuments. These were constructed in the 8th century A.D. If statues can talk, the sculptures of Mahabalipuram would sing the whims of our forefathers. Mahabalipuram, a former port city along the Coromandel coast, is rich in legacy, history, and culture. It has manifested the Pallava dynasty’s triumphs in such a way that each sculpture engraved a parallel to its tale with an appealing longing for different possibilities. When you are in Mahabalipuram, you may feel that certain histories are better carved in stones than in paper.
2. Konark Sun temple, Orissa
Konark’s Sun Temple was constructed in the middle of the 13th century, is a colossal work of aesthetic splendor and architectural skill. The famous king of the Ganga dynasty, King Narasimhadeva I, built this temple over a 12-year period with the assistance of 1200 craftsman during 1243-1255 A.D. The king was a great devotee of the Sun, thus the temple was regarded as a chariot for the Sun God. Konark Temple was constructed in the shape of a beautifully decorated chariot with 24 wheels, each one has 10ft diameter, and driven by seven powerful horses. It’s impossible to imagine how this massive temple, with every inch of space beautifully carved, could have been constructed in such a short period of time.
3. Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh
Khajuraho was enveloped by a thriving forest and went unnoticed until a young British officer discovered it in 1838. The Group of Temples of Khajuraho, with an inscription dating back to the Chandela dynasty, were a source of curiosity because to its fearless, sensual, and sexual portrayals. The temple walls are adorned with cult depictions of Apsaras and demigods. Several beliefs are associated with these unusual statues; some believe these were sculpted to educate the people, while a few others believe they symbolise Shiva and Parvati’s love and marriage. Even though these temples are famous for their sensual sculptures, they only account for around 10% of the portraits. The temple’s major theme is based on the Tantric belief that the male counterpart possesses form and potential, while the female retains energy. The impacts of Jainism and Hinduism are visible in these sculptures.
4. Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh
The Taj Mahal is a marvelous mausoleum of white marble constructed in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife. The Taj Mahal is one of the major Muslim arts in India and one of the world’s most recognized masterpieces. Since its construction started, the Taj Mahal’s narrative has been imbued in the pages of history. The loving Shah Jahan added life to the majestic monument by orienting every curve and arch of the tomb with a significant piece of tale of his love. Every aspect of the mausoleum tells a story of love and tragedy. The tomb minarets calligraphed paintings, and Quran extracts reflect Shah Jahan’s ardent love for Begum Mumtaz. The Taj Mahal’s everlasting elegance and symmetry are reminiscent of the couple’s tragic romance.
5. Hampi, Karnataka
Hampi, a temple town in Karnataka, is one of the most historically significant destinations in the state. This city is included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as the Group of Monuments at Hampi, was once one of the richest towns in the world when it was at its pinnacle. Hampi, located within Vijayanagara city, is one of the most important tourist destinations. People go from all over the country to see Hampi’s stunning structures and history. When you visit Hampi, you will be transported back in time, given a glimpse into the old Vijayanagara kingdom, and witness a lot more of Hindu mythology by laboriously engraved statues. While India is well-known for its detailed and sophisticated stone sculptures, Hampi is particularly well-known for its acoustic and melodic stone pillars at Vithala Temple. What a feat of engineering it must have taken to create stones that sound like instruments!
6. The Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu
These Chola Temples were constructed by rulers of the Chola Kingdom, which spanned all of south India and the islands in the neighbourhood. The location is home to three magnificent 11th and 12th-century temples: Thanjavur’s Brihadisvara Temple, Gangaikondacholisvaram’s Brihadisvara Temple, and Darasuram’s Airavatesvara Temple. Rajendra I constructed the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram during 1035. The sanctum tower features hidden corners and a lovely upward curving motion, in contrast to Thanjavur’s straight tower. Rajaraja II constructed the Airavatesvara temple complex at Darasuram, which has a 24-m sanctum tower and a stone figure of Shiva. The temples certify to the Cholas’ remarkable achievements in painting construction, sculpture and bronze casting.
7. Golconda Fort, Telangana
Golconda Fort is situated in Hyderabad, Telangana. A fort from the period of Qutb Shah rises tall among the glamour and gruffness of Hyderabad. A royal residence complex with halls, temples, mosques and stables is housed in this enormous structure with 87 semicircular bastions, a few cannons, 8 elephant-proof gates, and four drawbridges. The acoustic impact of a clap done near a dome that is echoed over a kilometre distant in the fort’s pavilion is an example of its exceptional engineering. This was served as a beacon in the situation of an attack or emergency.
8. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Jantar Mantar is a perfect convergence of creativity and ingeniousness. It demonstrates a visionary’s goal unfolding into a mind-blowing piece of world. Jantar Mantar is a set of genuine, life-sized calculating equipment that are academically intended to forecast the time, eclipses, significant star locations, and much more. It is an astronomical and scientific architecture at its finest, employing mathematical patterns to create a cosmic marvel. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II to make birth charts and forecast big events like as battles, deaths, marriages, and so forth. Today, however, the monument has outperformed all expectations. It represents as a national pride.
9. Daulatabad Fort, Maharashtra
Daulatabad Fort is located in Maharashtra which was constructed under the Rashtrakuta kings, and embellished under the rule of Mohammed Bin Tughlaq. The secret traps which were used to fool the enemies made this fort unique from most others. It had bridges that were dragged aside when opponents approached, a ditch with hidden crocodiles, most of all, a dark hallway riddled with curving staircases and at the end of which boiling oil was thrown on the enemies.
10. Rani Ki Vav, Gujarat
Rani Ki Vav is a step well constructed by Rani Udayamati of Chaulukya Dynasty during 1063. This is located in the shores of river Saraswati, with a depth of 27-meter and 20-meter-width and 64-meter-length. It was constructed to worship the shallow water of the Saraswati river and was built in the form of an inverted temple. The well is an underground wonder decorated with sculptures of gods and their horses, nymphs and demigods. It contains ten elaborate sculptures of Lord Vishnu, with a Sheshnayi Vishnu in the middle, giving the impression that the temple is made of brick.