Veeramamunivar (aka) Father Constantine Joseph Beschi


Introduction :

The oldest living language is Tamil. This ancient language has endured throughout history for a variety of causes. The renowned poet Subramanya Bharathi expressed this sentiment in his famous line, Of all the languages I know, I don’t think there is a language as pleasant as my mother tongue Tamil. As if to support Bharathi’s assertions, a foreigner who moved to Tamil Nadu not only picked up the language but also advanced its literature. Veeramamunivar is the proprietor of this outstanding accomplishment. His birth name was “Constantine Joseph Beschi”, and he was an Italian.

Evolution Of Christianity In Tamil Nadu :

He visited to Tamil Nadu in 1910 with the motive of spreading Christianity. He first came to Goa and then entered God own state Kerala through the Cochin port. From Kerala, he walked to Madurai. He understood that he needed to speak the Tamil Language to sustain here and establish a rapport with the people. Later Supradipa Kavirayar accepted him as a student, and he taught him Tamil literature. He not only learned the language, but also adopted the Tamils’ way of life. It almost became difficult to believe that he was from another country because of his saffron attire, pierced ears, and walking stick.

Reason Behind Name “Veeramamunivar”:

‘Dhairyanaathar’ is the name first choosed by him. After realising that the name had its roots in Sanskrit, he changed it to “Veeramamunivar”. Later the name that went into the pages of history.

His love for the Tamil literature is growing very strong day by day. He visited all over the Tamil Nadu in search of ancient texts written on palm leaves and in Tamil palm leaves is said to be “olai chuvadi”. Later he addressed as “chuvadi samiyar”.

Veeramamunivar’s contribution to Tamil Language is Limitless. He is the devotee of Tamil and categorise 93 short texts and huge texts such as Thevaram,Thirupugazh, Nannool , Aathichudi written in European languages.


Veeramamunivar’s contribution to Tamil is immeasurable. His love for Tamil drove him to categorise 93 short texts, translate huge texts such as Thevaram, Thirupugazh, Nannool, Aathichudi into European languages. He also translated into Latin the two subgroups of the magnificent Thirukkural, Aratthuppaal and Porutpaal. He is also credited with authoring grammar books for Tamil dialogue, including “Aindhilakkanam,” “Sennool Ilakkanam,” and others.

Magnum Opus “Thembaavani”:

Veeramamunivar wrote “Thembaavani,” which is regarded as his Magnum Opus, with Joseph, Jesus Christ’s father, as the main character. To create a sense of identity, he gave the main characters Tamil names. For instance, Joseph’s name was “Valan”. A text that will endure in the sands of time, no matter how many years go by, is celebrated by historians and readers.

His works “Thirukkaavalur Kalambagam” and “Kittheri Catherine Ammaal Ammaanai” are noteworthy. The first humorous prose in Tamil was composed by him, and it is titled “Parmaartha Guruvum Seedargalum.”

He also translated Latin to Tamil dictionary, Tamil to Portuguese dictionary are also some of his worthable contributions to Tamil. Calling Veeramamunivar a reformer of Tamil language would not be an exaggeration. He was the one who introduced the system of writing a dot above consonants (Mei Ezhutthu). The focus on the sounds was previously represented by lines. By organising the long-sounded and short-sounded letters, he also improved the language.

No other foreigner ever had a great quality  to learn Tamil and contribute to its literature so much. He has written prose, dictionaries, short texts, and many more. Our forefathers praise him using the phrase ‘Thaame Thamizhaanar, Tamizhe Thaamaanaar’, which means Veeramamunivar and Tamil are inseparable.

Veeramamunivar Main purpose of coming to India was to spread Christianity and he has done it . Nawab of Arcot ruled most of Tamil Nadu during that period.

Friendship with Arcot Nawab :

The commander of the Nawab, Veeramamunivar, was a close friend of Chanda Sahib. Veeramamunivar put up a lot of effort to protect Christians wellbeing.He received four villages as gifts in 1936. Veeramamunivar founded churches in various communities, paving the stage for the development of Christianity. To spread Christianity, he later travelled to Dindukkal, Aavur, Gaandhalur, and Naanjur. At that point, Christianity began to spread widely in India.


Veeramamunivar, despite having been born abroad, had a Tamilian soul. Tamilians will be proud to include Veeramamunivar’s history in the list of G U Pope and Caldwell. The legacy he left for us Tamils shall be carried on  by Dream Tamil Nadu.

He left us in 4 feb 1747 at kingdom of cochin Ambalakkaru india Manapad. “Veeramamunivar” will be remembered forever by Tamil people.

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