Jallikattu Celebrations

Tamil Nādu, one of the world’s ancient regions with the longest surviving civilization, has been a trailblazer, with many traditional rituals still practiced even in this contemporary period. Rows of festivals have been held for each season as a means of sustaining and developing communal harmony and peace among Tamils, revitalizing the feeling of oneness and togetherness.
Though Tamil Nadu is commonly regarded as the Land of Temples in terms of tourism, agriculture is the foundation of Tamil Nadu, and of all the festivals, Pongal has a deep emotional connection with the people of Tamil Nadu. The entire state celebrates this as Harvest Festival, but it is known as Makar Sankranti in other areas of India. In the mid of January, either on the 14th or 15th Pongal Festival has been celebrated. According to science, this is the day when the sun changes course and begins to move northward. Farmers in Tamil Nadu worship the Sun for a bountiful harvest, and specific poojas and rituals are performed in honor of the Sun God.
During the Pongal Festival, the villages of Tamil Nadu become vibrantly colored, with houses beautifully decked without diminishing the customs. Pongal is known for its sugar canes and sweets made of rice and lentils, which contribute to the festival’s enthusiasm. On Pongal, colorful Rangolis are seen everywhere early in the morning, with special poojas and offerings to the Sun God.
Jallikattu, or taming the Bull, is part of the yearly repertoire of Pongal, the traditional holiday celebrated in Tamil Nadu. There have been N controversial theories on this single issue, but the undeniable fact is that Jallikattu is one of Tamil Nādu’s oldest surviving warrior sports.
History of Jallikattu
Jallikattu has significant parallels in literature dating back to the Sangam Age (400 BC – 300 AD), and the sport is detailed in detail in the Sangam Literature Kalithogai, an anthology of 150 poems written in 200 BC. Jallikattu is traditionally referred to as “Yeru Thazhuvudhal”, where Yeru refers to the Bull and Thazuvudhal refers to embracing.
Furthermore, the antiquity of this sport was disclosed during excavations at Mohanjo-Daro, which depicted a scenario of taming a bull that existed during the age of the Indus-Valley Civilization. Despite animal rights group’s concerns, this one graphic demonstrates the sport’s durability in Tamil culture.
Kalithogai portrays images from the Jallikattu grounds in which we may imagine the sport that was enjoyed thousands of years ago.
As a result, the warrior sport was supported and cultivated, re-establishing the significance of bulls and their relationship to agriculture, and hence to mankind.
“Jallikattu” name history
Jallikattu is a combination of two Tamil words, Sallikkasu (coins) and Kattu (money) (a package). The warrior should be able to successfully secure the pocket of money connected to the bull’s horns by taming the bull. This sport was once known as Yeru Thazhuudhal, and it was practiced until the reign of the Nayak rulers, when the name was changed to Jallikattu.
Jallikattu procedures and rules
The traditional sport of Tamil Nadu, Jallikattu, also known as Manjuvirattu, is played in a variety of forms and traditions throughout the state. Among them are
Vadi Manjuvirattu – the ancient method of releasing the bull via a restricted space known as Vaadivasal, from which the male warriors would attempt to grip the hump.
Veli Manuvirattu – The bulls are publicly brought into the ground, where the entertainment begins. Bull-taming is quite common in the villages of Sivagangai and Madurai.
Vatam Virattu – In this style, the bulls are tethered with a 15-meter-long rope and are free to travel. A group of individuals will attempt to seize the purse tethered to the horn.
Jallikattu Today
It is an evident reality that the agrarian crisis, rising urbanization, and blurring of the distinctions between rural and urban raises a worry that a Tamil Village would be nostalgic. Over time, the dimensions of the sport have altered on multiple fronts, impacted by diverse sociopolitical and economic variables that reflect on all segments of society. However, there is some solace in the fact that the emotional bond between bulls and people remains strong in Tamil Nadu. Though families in the agricultural culture have left the game and entered the technological sector as engineers and physicians for many generations, the current generation has not been completely separated from their origins. Thousands of young men and women from sophisticated cities in India and overseas return to their hometowns to participate in the traditional Pongal festival, which is followed by the much-anticipated Jallikattu. This will keep them going for the following year as they relive the moments of great recollections.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back To Top