History of Olympic

The Olympic Games are a multi-sport international event that dates back to ancient Greece. The Olympic Games were resurrected in 1896, and they have been held every fourth year since then, save for World Wars I and II. The contemporary Games have a more extensive athletic program, and they are designed to replace the rancour of international conflict with friendly competition for two and a half weeks. The primary distinction between the ancient and contemporary Olympics is that the former was the ancient Greek’s means of honouring their gods, whilst the latter is a way of honouring the athletic skills of citizens from all nations.
Ancient Olympics
The first Olympics were held in 776 B.C., according to documented history. Olympia, on the highly civilised eastern coast of the Peloponnesian peninsula, hosted a celebration. According to the oldest reports, the ancient Olympics had only one athletic event: a footrace of approximately 183 m (200 yd), or the length of the stadium. All battles would halt during the Games, as a testament to the sacred aspect of the Games (which were conducted in honour of Zeus, the most important deity in the ancient Greek pantheon). Coroebus of Elis, a chef, was the first documented winner.
When the strong, warlike Spartans began to compete, they affected the agenda. Wrestling and a pentathlon comprising of sprinting, leaping, spear throwing (the javelin), discus throwing, and wrestling were featured in the 18th Olympiad. At the 23rd Olympiad, boxing was added, and the Games continued to grow with the addition of chariot racing and other sports. The format was expanded to five days of competition in the 37th Olympiad (632 B.C.).
The expansion of the Games encouraged “professionalism” among contestants, and the Olympic values faded as nobility began to participate for personal gain, notably in the chariot competitions. Humans were being exalted alongside the gods, with many winners erecting sculptures to deify themselves. In A.D. 394 the Games were officially stopped by the Roman emperor Theodosius I, who considered that they had pagan undertones.
Modern days of Olympic
Pierre de Coubertin, a young French aristocrat, believed that he could implement an educational program in France that resembled the old Greek concept of mind-body development. During the 1800s, the Greeks attempted to resurrect the Olympics by organising local athletic contests in Athens, but without enduring success. He spoke at a conference of the Union des Sports athlétiques in Paris in 1892. He campaigned for the resuscitation of the Olympic Games in front of delegations from Belgium, England, France, Greece, Italy, Russia, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. He received immediate and universal backing from the nine countries. In 1896, Greece was chosen to host the inaugural modern Games, with 13 countries competing.
Beginning in 1924, a Winter Olympics was added, to be hosted in the same year as the Summer Games at a distinct cold-weather sports venue, the first of which was staged in Chamonix, France. A Winter Olympics was first held in 1924. In 1980, around 1,600 athletes from 38 countries participated in Lake Placid, New York. Summer Games, with its diverse range of events, remain the focal focus of the modern Olympics. The International Olympic Committee (IOC), headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland, governs the Games.
Political interruption in Olympic
Nazi Germany, which hosted the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, exploited the Olympics to further its cause. Egypt, Iraq, and Lebanon boycotted the Melbourne Games in 1956 in response to the Anglo-French occupation of the Suez Canal. Palestinian terrorists slaughtered 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics. Under intense pressure from the Carter administration, the U.S. The Olympic Committee chose to boycott the Moscow Summer Games.
The 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, went off without a hitch. The contemporary Olympics were most severely disrupted in 1980 and 1984. The popularity and financial success of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, on the other hand, exceeded expectations.
The 1992 Winter and Summer Olympics were the first without the Eastern-bloc sports machine. They were the final games for the former Soviet Union’s “Unified Teams”, and they marked South Africa’s comeback to Olympic play. The Summer Games in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1996 were the largest ever, but they were tainted by a bombing that killed two people. Only six nations (including Cuba and North Korea) boycotted the Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, refocusing attention on the participants.
Money in Olympics
Since the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, it has been evident that a city that hosts the Games may expect a financial bonanza. The selection of host cities has become political, and there is a high risk of corruption. The (winning) bid for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City had paid IOC members; the Nagano and Sydney bids were also suspected of bribery. Athletes may also make a lot of money, especially in “glamour sports” like gymnastics, ice skating, or track and field. By the late 1980s, limitations on athletes receiving prize money in their sports had been relaxed, and professional athletes were allowed to represent their countries at the Olympics. Furthermore, with the IOC’s amateurism regulations repealed, numerous medal-winning athletes have cashed in on their Olympic reputation through commercial endorsements or performance tours.
Drugs that Improve Performance
Winning medals in the Olympic Games has long been seen as the most coveted mark of an athlete, as well as a source of pride for the athlete’s nation. This has resulted in athletes purposefully or unintentionally using performance-enhancing drugs, despite the health dangers to the athlete and IOC rules barring the use of these chemicals. Stimulants (found in common cold and cough treatments; caffeine is also prohibited), opioids, anabolic steroids, diuretics, some hormones (such as human growth hormone), and, in some sports, beta blockers are prohibited. Athlete drug testing for the Olympics began in 1968, during the Mexico City Games, but did not become widespread until the 1972 Games. As medications like human growth hormone have been produced throughout the years, testing for additional pharmaceuticals have been introduced.
With such high stakes, athletes and even national sports program are prepared to use performance-enhancing substances despite the hazards to future health and the embarrassment of being detected. The East German sports association, which had a systematic program of supplying steroids to its athletes from 1974 to 1989, is the most well-known example of drug usage. More sportsmen have been detected as drug testing processes have improved. Following Germany’s reunification, the documents of the East German sports association were released, and the program was revealed.
The International Olympic Committee openly condemns the use of performance-enhancing substances. However, even with out-of-competition testing, it is widely assumed that the drugs and masking agents available to athletes are far ahead of the tests used to detect these substances. Research funded by the US government and issued in September 2000 accused the IOC of allowing drug usage to exist in order to retain the aura of the Olympics and record-breaking performances. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) established the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) in late 1999 to test competitors at the next Olympics and raise drug testing standards, but how successful WADA will be in the long term is unknown.

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