2021 has witnessed some of the top emerging technologies that have the potential to revolutionise industries, society and health care in many ways. Soon the virtual clinical trials will be a reality for COVID-19 vaccine development and treatments. Another technology could be the possible ways of electrifying the air travel, sunlight to directly power the production of industrial chemicals and thus reduce the gas house emission. The technology of ultra sensitive sensors in healthcare industry to detect cancers and in vehicle to sense around the corners. Experts says the progress of these technologies will happen only if they have the potential to perform in society and economies effectively. The following inventions could be considered as the world-changing ones.
1. Micro needles
The micro needles can provide painless injection and blood draws that probably a best thing in medical care for injections and blood testing. These needles may be attached to the syringes or patches, prevents pain by touching the nerves. It will have a length of 50 to 2,000 microns, approximately the depth of a sheet of paper and one to 100 microns wide which comes around the width of a human hair. It may not reach the underlying dermis and enables you a painless injection. Micro needles can reduce the chances of transmitting viruses and decrease the troubles in disposing conventional needles.
2. Sun-powered Chemistry
This technology can turn carbon dioxide in to common materials that can drive industrial processes. The manufacturing of many chemicals which we use on a daily basis consume fossil fuels, thereby emitting carbon dioxide emissions and thus cause climate changes. A new approach to transform these carbon dioxide in to the needed chemical with sunlight that can reduce the emission by using the unwanted gas as a raw material and by using sunlight instead of fossil fuel as the source of energy.
3. Virtual Patients
What will happen if computers replace patients? This technology will aid medical students to deal with the virtual scenarios which would make them to capable enough of handling real-time scenarios. This could be also used in clinical trails for vaccine development in which testing on live volunteers and the associated risks may be avoided. Through virtual organs, the first assessments of safety and efficacy of medicines can be detected with less expensive.
4. Spatial Computing
Spatial computing is the visual transformation of activities and interactions between people, objects, machines, and environment. In short, it digitises the objects that connects through the clouds and represent the real world digitally. Spatial computing will soon enable human-machine, machine-machine interactions to a new level in many walks of life, like healthcare, transportation and home.
5. Digital Medicine
Digital medicine portrays a field related to health care where the technologies are being used as a tool of measurement and interference in human well-being. Highly qualified software and hardware are used for the support to practice medicine widely including diagnosis, treatment, recovery, disease prevention and health promotions. This software can both develop the conventional healthcare and support patients when the health support access is limited. There are tools for screening the breathing disorders, heart problems, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, autism and other conditions.
6. Electric Aviation
The carbon emission caused by air travel is rapidly increasing. Some airlines have already implemented some contributions to the atmospheric carbon, but still needed a large percentage of cut backs. Many aircraft manufacturers are in a speed track to develop electric air planes hoping this can bring great transformation to the aviation industry and environment as well. Electric propulsion motors can reduce the direct carbon emission and also cut down the fuel cost by 90%.
7. Low-Carbon Cement
Low-Carbon Cement can combat the global warming to an extent. Cement, the man-made material, is an integral part of concrete that has a lot to do in our built world. It generates a substantial amount of carbon emission up to 8% of the global total, research says. Currently 4 billion tons of cement are produces every year, and due to the fast urbanisation, it may reach up to 5 billion within a few years. While the production and formation of cement, large amount of fuels are used to generate heat.
8. Quantum Sensors
The Quantum sensors could let autonomous cars see around corners. These are very transformative enabling in under water navigation systems, alert systems for volcanic and earthquakes, and portable scanners that monitor brain activities. This could be a world-changing invention if established in a correct way.
9. Green Hydrogen
Green hydrogen can fill big space in renewable energy – a zero-carbon supplement to wind and solar. Hydrogen has been an amazing zero-carbon energy source for decades because the only byproduct we get is water if we burn it. Green hydrogen is produced using renewable energy and is climate friendly. Engineers, now, are working to produce more green hydrogen using the largest artificial sun without electricity.
10. Whole Genome Synthesis
This is an extension of synthetic biology and would bring transformation in cell engineering. In order to design genetic sequence, scientists use software that they produce and introduce in to microbe and reprogram them like new medicine. Currently all such experiments are in infancy stage. But the development in synthesis technology and software are making it possible to print ever large area of genetic material to change the genomes more extensively.