Andaman and Nicobar Islands, or simply Andaman, are a group of islands in the Indian Ocean. Nicobar is a union territory and a popular beach location in the Indian Ocean, off India’s eastern coast. Port Blair is the territory’s capital city. It is also the administrative capital of the area and the largest city in Andaman and Nicobar.
Andaman and Nicobar are split into three districts: Nicobar, which has Car Nicobar as its capital, South Andaman, which has Port Blair as its capital, and North and Middle Andaman, which has Mayabunder as its capital. This island cluster has grown into a pleasant tourist destination throughout the years, thanks to its stunning beaches, marine life, indigenous culture, and history.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located in the Indian Ocean, between the Bay of Bengal to the west and the Andaman Sea to the east. The 150-kilometer-wide Ten Degree Channel separates the Andaman Islands from the Nicobar Islands. There are around 572 islands in the area, 38 of which are inhabited, while the others are either virgin territory or inaccessible.
Because it sits in the midst of the ocean, the area has a typical tropical island environment with hot and humid weather all year. Summers are quite hot; however, winters are nice, cold, and breezy. As a result, the optimum months to visit the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are between October and March.
Culture and History
The first signs of human existence in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands stretch back 2200 years. However, evidence suggests that the native Andamanese people lived around 30,000 years ago, during the Middle Paleolithic epoch. Many monarchs have come and gone throughout the area. From the Chola Empire’s Rajendra Chola in the 11th century to the Danish East India Company, Austria, Italy, and lastly the British East India Company, until becoming a UT of the Indian Republic in 1956.
This region’s legacy is deeply anchored in its ethnic populations. The native people are currently divided into six tribal groups: Jarawa, Onge, Shompen, Great Andamanese, Nicobarese, and Sentinelese. However, many centuries of colonial occupancy on the islands have shaped the region’s culture and helped to establish the cosmopolitan metropolis that exists today.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Facts
Aside from the well-known tourist attractions, these interesting facts help to establish the region’s significance.
Barren Island, located off the coast of Port Blair, is South Asia’s sole active volcano.
Bengali is the region’s most frequently spoken language, followed by Tamil, Telegu, Malayalam, and Hindi. Local traders also speak Andaman Creole Hindi, which is a mix of Hindustani, Bengali, and Tamil.
Leatherback sea turtles, India’s biggest sea turtles, may be found here, with 1000 turtles now occupying the islands.
The Sentinelese tribes, who are thought to be direct ancestors of the first human species to emerge in Africa 60,000 years ago, live on North Sentinel Island, which is home to the most remote human society.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tourist Attractions
There are several sites to visit in Port Blair and the surrounding islands. For a thorough Andaman & Nicobar tour, visit the woods, islands, and beaches of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Cellular Jail — Located near Port Blair, this ancient jail is also known as Kala Pani. It was built by the British army to house political prisoners following the 1857 uprising. You may visit the memorial museum, which has images, mementos, and monuments of independence warriors. A light and sound display are also held on the site.
North Bay Island — This gorgeous island off the coast of Port Blair is famed for its stunning coral reefs and water sports. Try snorkelling, scuba diving, glass boat excursions, sea walking, and other activities. To go to the island, you must use a ferry.
Mount Harriet National Park is the most popular and easiest accessible of the nine national parks in Andaman & Nicobar. It is located in the Ferrargunj area, just outside of Port Blair, and is the territory’s third highest mountain. Many rare and endangered bird and animal species live in the large natural area.
Chidiya Tapu — Also known as “Bird Island,” this lovely location is located 25 kilometres from Port Blair. In addition to bird viewing, you may go pearl searching, boating, scuba diving, snorkelling, and so on. The island is also well-known for its breath-taking sunset and dawn vistas.
Activities in Andaman and Nicobar
Andaman tourism extends beyond the most prominent tourist destinations in Andaman Nicobar. Include these activities in your list of places to visit in Andaman and Nicobar –
Scuba diving is a must-do activity in Andaman and Nicobar. Local diving schools can provide you with a brief course and allow you to explore the underwater world.
Try snorkelling as well. Snorkelling, which is easier and faster than scuba diving, allows you to see the corals and other marine life, as well as other fish and plants, beneath the clear surface of the water.
Take a trip in the glass-bottom dolphin boat. The dolphin-shaped transporter floats over the waves, allowing you to see what’s beneath.
In Mayabunder, try mangrove kayaking and sail through deep mangrove woods, spotting unique birds and uncommon flora.